Level①Goal:質問ができるようになる。

質問をする
最低3つ質問ができるように意識しましょう。

Question making skill

Up until this point, students are able to make simple sentences with simple tenses and are able to do the 自制アクティビティwithout much effort. Students are also able to answer simple questions to keep the conversation going. However, students are not able to continue the conversations because of lacking of question-asking skills. The goal of Day 1 is to create the habit of questions asking for students by introducing 5W1H.

参考:Yes・Noの質問で好みを見極めろ。長く続く英会話の基本は質問

参考:3ステップで疑問詞を英作文|質問することで途切れない英会話

1.Ice Break (15 mins)

以下の4つの質問フレーズを使って会話を始めましょう。共感できる話題・詳しく聴きたい話題があった場合、積極的に質問をして会話を深く掘り下げることができます。

  • What did you do last weekend?
  • What did you do today?
  • What are you going to do next week?
  • What are you going to do tomorrow?

Questions

Be動詞・一般動詞を使った質問をすることで、Yes/Noの回答を得ることができます。

Questions about you:

  • Are you tall?
  • Are you a nurse?
  • Are you a student?
  • Are you skinny?
  • Are you Japanese?
  • Are you Korean?
  • Are you from Tokyo?
  • Do you speak French?
  • Do you like English?
  • Did you study English at school?
  • Do you cook every day?
  • Did you meet your friends yesterday?

 積極的にたくさん質問をしてみましょう。

Be動詞と一般動詞を使った質問をすることで、会話のきっかけを見つけることができます。質問をすることによって、相手とのコミュニケーションのきっかけを作りましょう。

  • What is your favourite movie/TV show?
  • Is it comedy?
  • Is it horror?
  • Is it Japanese?
  • Is it American?
  • Is it long?
  • Is it scary?
  • Is it new?
  • Who is your idol/favourite singer/actor?
  • Is he/she Japanese?
  • Is he/she young?
  • Is he/she good at singing/acting etc?
  • Is he/she tall?
  • Is he/she handsome/pretty/cute?
  • Does he/she sing/dance/act?
  • Does he/she
  • How many people are there in your family?
  • Are they living with you?
  • Are they kind?
  • Are they close with you?
  • Do they like sports? games?
  • Do they work?
  • When did you last travel?
  • Was it fun?
  • Was it tiring?
  • Was it far away from your house?
  • Was it expensive?
  • Did you have fun?
  • Where does your best friend live? / Where is your best friend’s house?
  • Is it far away from your house?
  • Is it in the same city as you?
  • Which Japanese food do you like the most?
  • Is it spicy?
  • Is it salty?
  • Is it easy to make?
  • Is it Japanese?
  • Why do you want to learn English?

=> In all the questions above, how were the yes/no questions made?

2.Yes/No質問の作り方

Yes No質問

2-1.質問文の作り方

AnswerQuestion

I like sushi.

Do you like sushi?

I am happy.

Are you happy?

I am tall.

Are you tall?

He is American.

Is he American?

He speaks French.

Does he speak French?

We are late.

Are we late?

They are students.

Are they students?

My father is a teacher.

Is your father a teacher?

She likes orange juice.

Does she like orange juice?

He doesn’t like baseball

Does he like baseball?

They are from Australia.

Are they from Australia?

The cake tastes good.

Does the cake taste good?

My brother lives in London.

Does your brother live in London?

I play basketball.

Do you play basketball?

Japan is very beautiful.

Is Japan beautiful?

I like reading.

Do you like reading?

=> How to answer Yes/No question

  • If the question starts with Be動詞:
  • Yes, S+ Be
  • No, S+ Be not
  • If the question starts with Do/Does or other verbs:
  • Yes, S + do/does (V)
  • No, S + do not (don’t) /does not (doesn’t) (V+not)

2-2.質問への答え方

Yes No質問答え方

Do you have a job?

Yes, I do. / No, I don’t

Do you like carrot?

 

Does your best friend/sister/mother have long hair?

 

Do tigers eat vegetables?

 

Are you a student?

 

Are you Japanese?

 

Is your brother older than you?

 

Do you have a dog?

 

Is your dog big?

 

3.疑問詞5W1Hを使った質問の作り方

5W1H質問

3-1.文章を読んでみましょう。

Answer these questions: (Maybe teacher can type out the questions or make the students write the questions down)

 Paragraph①

Question: What is this?
Answer: This is an invitation letter.

Paragraph②

Question: Who invited you?
Answer: Mickey Mouse.

Paragraph③

Question: Where is the party?
Answer: At Mickey Mouse House, Tokyo Disneyland, Chiba Prefecture, Urayasu City

Paragraph④

Question: When is the party?
Answer: On Sunday, June 1st, 2006

Paragraph⑤

Question: Why does Mickey Mouse have a party?
Answer: It’s his birthday.

英語では5W1HというQuestion wordsがある。これ全部覚えたらすぐ質問することができます。とりあえずこれで5Wを覚えましたよね!もう一度教えてください!

5WをQuestion words と呼ぶ

  •   What・・・何を
  •   Who・・・誰が
  •   When・・・いつ
  •   Where・・どこで
  •   Why・・・なぜ

3-2.質問文を作ってみましょう。

Answer5W1H

I live in Ireland.

Where do you live?

She is my sister.

Who is she?

I go to work at 8 o’clock.

When do you go to work?

My birthday is in December.

When is your birthday?

I am wearing a jacket because it is cold.

Why are you wearing a jacket?

They went to Italy.

Where did they go?

He is watching a movie.

What is he watching?

He has a meeting at 2pm.

When does he have a meeting?

They go to school in Kyoto.

Where do they go to school?

Because he wanted to see Kangaroo, he went to Australia.

Why did he go to Australia?

=> How to make a question?

3-3. Whichの使い方

5W とは言ってももう一つのWがあります!日本語では「どれ」、英語はなんでしょう?そう!Whichです!いつ使う?チョイスがある時、日本語と同じ使い方です。

  • Which bus goes to Tokyo station?
  • Which way did he go?
  • Which one do you prefer: meat or vegetable?

こちらの質問の作り方は何が違う?そうです、Which + 名詞 (チョイスがあるから)。What  + 名詞の使い方と同じですね。

3-4.What+名詞+疑問文?

  • What food do you like?
  • What country do you want to go to?
  • What sports do you play?

他のQuestion words は+名詞しません!!!!

3-5.Howの使い方

How の疑問文ですね!どういう意味ですか?

How・・・どうやって / どのくらい/どう

Make questions

How – Level 1:

***一番よく使う質問?挨拶の時!

  • How are you?
  • How is she?
  • How is your grandmother?

は特別!

How – Level 2:

生活によく使う!

  • How much? (いくら)
  • How many? (どのぐらい?)
  • How often? (どのくらい頻繁に)

How – Level 3:

これ使えるとすごく会話がスムーズにできる

How + 形容詞 (どのぐらい)

  • How old are you?
  • How big are your shoes?
  • How far is it from your house to work/school?
  • How long have you played soccer?
  • How difficult was the English test?

How – Level 4:

How do you/do they/does he/does she + V: どうやって?

  • How do you go to school/work? – By bus
  • How do you make this cake? – With the cake mix.
  • How do you make this picture? – I used photoshop.

How to answer How (method) questions

4.練習問題

AnswerQuestion

I am fine, thank you.

How are you?

My mother is fine, thank you?

How is your mother?

I go to work by bus.

How do you go to work?

I made this bicycle by hand.

How did you make this bicycle?

I am 40 years old.

How old are you?

This river is 20 km long.

How long is this river?

He is 180cm tall.

How tall is he?

I play tennis twice a week.

How often do you play tennis?

5W1Hのまとめ

  • What・・・何を
  • Who・・・誰が
  • When・・・いつ
  • Where・・どこで
  • Why・・・なぜ
  • Which・・どれ
  • How・・・どうやって / どのくらい/どう

5.Final exercise

I will introduce myself. Please ask me 5W1H questions! (6W1H is even better!)

 Please listen to me!

Hi! My name is Thao. I am 27 years old. I lived in Japan from 2011 to 2019. Now, I am living in Ireland but I miss Japan very much. When I was in Japan, I went to work every day by train. I don’t like trains in the morning because it is very crowded.  I love all Japanese food but I hate natto and uni.

I like watching movies. I also like playing the piano. I have been playing the piano for 10 years. My favourite piano artist is Lang Lang because he is very talented. He is Chinese.

Emily
Emily
今日習った質問スキルを使って先生に質問してみましょう。

  • What is your name?
  • How old are you?
  • When did you live in Japan?
  • Where are you living now?
  • How did you go to work?
  • Why don’t you like trains?
  • What food do you like/hate?
  • Which Japanese food do you hate?
  • What movies do you like?
  • How long have you played piano? (Tenseは間違っても良い!)